What Does a Server Actually Do in Your IT Infrastructure?

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Network SolutionWritten By: Suman Kumar Paul

Nowadays every business has a server installed, but do you know what it does? How it is beneficial for your IT infrastructure? The size and scale of servers might be overwhelming, which makes it difficult to understand the technicalities of servers.

A server plays a vital role in business technology. A perfectly configured server brilliantly stores and transmits data flawlessly across the network.

What Is A Server?

A server is a vital element of your Computing architecture. It is a computer that transmits data to other computers in the network. These computers are known clients and can communicate with a server via a local area network or a wide area network. 

What Does A Server Do?

A server gathers and transmits data over the network. This can be a local area network, such as your company's network, or a larger network connecting multiple locations.
A server can be any computer that is running the appropriate server technology. However, when we talk about servers, we think of massive, high-powered computers that push and pull data over the internet.

How Does A Server Work?

Each time you access the internet, you are communicating with a server. When you type a URL into a browser, your computer connects with the server hosting the website and downloads the information to your computer.

Here is the simplified approach of how the mechanism functions.

•    Enter an URL and allow the web browser to request the web page from the server.
•    The web browser gathers all essential data for the website to be displayed.
•    The requested data from the web browser is sent to the server.
•    The server finds and builds all the data needed to display the website at the client’s end.
•    As the web browser receives the data from the Server and gets it displayed to you.

Things to Know About a Server

In terms of hardware, a server is just a normal computer with no one working directly behind it.

For Example - A mail server manages all mail traffic and processes them in a standard commercial networked setup. Similarly, a print server manages all printers, and a database server stores the organizational data.

There are multiple types of servers out in the market which includes:

Web Server – A system that offers website pages to computers that are connected to it. It is also capable of resolving programming languages including PHP, ASP, and JSP.

Mail Server – It is a server that holds user e-mail addresses and sends and receives e-mail messages. When you send an e-mail to a contact, the message is routed through a mail server using the SMTP protocol.

File Server – It is a computer that stores data and files and allows other computers to access them. Mostly a file server is installed in local area networks. It mainly requires a password or different authorization techniques to access the data.

In general, any computer can be used as a server if all necessary server software is installed on it. Moreover, the hardware of the server must be powerful enough to process the workload.

Final words

If we consider the technical aspects of a server it doesn’t need a lot of processing power or lots of RAM or fast hard drives to deal with heavy traffic.
To achieve higher server performance you need to get your network designed by professionals. Vareli and the team offer you personalized server integration with complete networking solutions.

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See Also - Routing Protocols to Improve Network Performance